• Ecological analysis of the subalpine to subnival vegetation belts on the Zugspitzplatt Prof. Arne Friedmann Dr. Oliver Korch ()
    “HöhenZug“ is part of the collaborative project “Consequences of climatic change in the Alps – analysis by altitudinal gradients (KLIMAGRAD)“ and its main object is to analyse the impact of climatic change in the Wetterstein Mountains/Bavaria. The vegetation of the Zugspitzplatt is formed by krummholz communities of the upper subalpine level, alpine meadows and various subnival plant communities. In summer 2009 an extensive mapping-project began which will be expanded and completed in the course of the investigations. Further ecological studies at preselected sites and permanent sample plots will be established in order to realize a long-term monitoring of the vegetation dynamics on the Zupspitzplatt.

  • Partizipatives Gebäudemanagement ()

    Ziel des Projekts Partizipatives Gebäudemanagement ist es, Phänomene wie Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI), Crowdsourcing und Public Participatory GIS (PPGIS) auf die Datengenerierung und -verwaltung in Gebäudemanagementanwendungen zu übertragen. Dabei soll eine in der Entwicklung befindliche internetbasierte Pilotanwendung klären, wie eine involvierte ‚Community’ durch Selbstregulierung Gebäudedaten mit Raumbezug (auf 3D-Ebene) erfassen und verwalten kann und wie diese Daten (karto-)graphisch visualisiert werden können.

  • KLIWEX-MED: Klimawandel und Extremereignisse im Mediterranen Grossraum Stefanie Seubert Prof. Dr. Jucundus Jacobeit ()
    Extreme events like heavy rainfall, drought periods, and heat waves play a major role in the discussion of climate change. Modifications in the frequency and intensity of meteorological extreme events can have a dramatic social, economic, and ecological impact. The Mediterranean area is regarded as a “climate change hot-spot” (Giorgi 2006) being highly affected by future climate change compared to other regions of the world. This is mostly due to the assessed decrease of precipitation as well as to an increase of the inter-annual precipitation variability, but changes in temperature, especially in its extreme tails, have also to be taken into account.

    In the context of the dynamical downscaling approach, simulations with the high-resolution (0.5°) regional climate model REMO nested in the global circulation model ECHAM5/MPI-OM are available for the time period 1960-2050. For 1960-2000 we consider observed GHG emissions and during 2001-2050 A1b and B1 emission scenarios as well as FAO scenarios for anthropogenic land use change.

    Statistical downscaling is established by relating the Mediterranean extreme events to the large-scale atmospheric circulation. This is done through the application of transfer functions (multiple regression analysis, canonical correlation analysis, generalized linear models). To test the stability of the models the analyses are realised for different calibration periods and corresponding verification periods. Output of different coupled global circulation models (ECHAM5/MPI-OM, including some ensemble members, UKMO- HadCM3) under A1B- and B1- scenario assumptions is used to assess changes of extreme events under enhanced greenhouse warming conditions.