Anger and control of anger in antique Judaism and early Christianity.

A contribution towards historic psychology

Anger used to play an outstanding role in the antique psychology of affect. Is anger a justified reaction or is anger per se a negative emotion? Where does anger originate? Is it caused on the outside or in the inside of man? How does it manifest itself? What are its consequences? How does the individual deal with his/her own anger or with the anger of others? How does the individual deal with anger he/she is subjected to or he/she observes in others? How can (destructive) anger be constrained? Which individual and social psychological requirements, mechanism and consequences were described in antiquity? Can gender-specific, group-specific, class-specific and milieu-specific differences be distinguished? Which roles do religious convictions and mechanisms of coping with anger play in interpreting and dealing with anger? This project is considered to be a contribution towards “historic psychology”. Based on antique Hellenistic-Jewish and early Christian texts, the project aims to gather the antique psychological conceptions expressed therein without projecting back modern conceptions onto that time. We might even profit from the differentiated way of perceiving anger and dealing with it.