Critique of contemporary civilisation with regard to cities, 1890-1930

In this project, at first the critique of contemporary civilisation with regard to cities at the end of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century is reviewed. This discourse intensified to a general criticism of large towns; its emphasis often lay on a coarsely simplified and ideologically distorted polarization of the relationship between cities and the countryside. Cities were stylized as a crisis phenomenon of the modern age, while country life was romanticized at the same time. The question will be whether pedagogical criticism of cities must always be regarded as a – backward – criticism of modern forms of life or whether rational, socially critical patterns of argumentation were not taken up, too.