International Workshop: Trust Issues. Artificial Intelligence, Human Cognition, and Archaeology


The international workshop “Trust Issues. Artificial Intelligence, Human Cognition, and Archaeology” will take place in Augsburg (Germany) on December 8 2023 thanks to the fundings of the Graduate School for Humanities and Social Sciences (GGS) of the University of Augsburg.

Through cross disciplinary dialogue and collaborative exploration, this workshop intends to enhance understanding of the potential pitfalls and opportunities associated with AI integration in archaeology. It seeks to identify strategies for developing trustworthy AI models, ensuring transparency and accountability, and integrating human cognitive skills with AI technologies to address challenging archaeological questions. Also, it will tackle the intrinsic incomplete and transformative nature of archaeological record, and consider the treat that these issues pose for the quantitative and qualitative interpretation of AI-derived results.

Participants will engage in case studies, presentations, and a panel discussion to examine the theoretical, ethical, epistemological, and practical implications of utilizing AI, especially in archaeology. The workshop will be hosted in the Augsburg University campus building D, room 2126. For those unable to attend in person, the following Zoom link is provided.


For further information, please contact Dr. Cinzia Bettineschi.

The event is generously funded by the Graduate School for Humanities and Social Sciences of the University of Augsburg.


© University of Augsburg


8:30 - 9:00 AM Registration

9:00 - 9:10

Natascha Sojc, Theresia Dingelmaier (University of Augsburg): Official opening remarks


Session 1

9:10 - 9:40

Cinzia Bettineschi, Luigi Magnini (University of Augsburg - Germany/ Ca’ Foscari University of Venice - Italy): Opening Pandora’s (black) box. Addressing Trust Issues in AI Applications for Archaeology

9:40 - 10:10

Jürgen Landauer (CAA Germany): Neurons in the mud: can we find ancient sites with Artificial Intelligence? Or what do we really find?

10:10 - 10:40

Marco Ramazzotti, Alessandro Londei, Alessandro Di Ludovico (Sapienza University, Rome - Italy): Artificial Intelligence and Human Cognition. Automated Reasoning, Machine Learning and Autopoietic Classifications in Archaeology


Morning Coffee Break


Session 2

11:00 - 11:30

Sabine Timpf (University of Augsburg - Germany): Should we trust simulated pedestrians?

11:30 AM - 12:00 PM

Gabriele Gattiglia (University of Pisa - Italy): From fascination to reflection. Potentiality and challenges of AI applications in archaeology
  Lunch Break

Session 3

2:00 PM - 2:30 PM

Žiga Kokalj (ZRC SAZU - Slovenia) with contribution by Nejc Čož, Anthony Corns, Susan Curran, Dragi Kocev, Ana Kostovska, Ivica Dimitrovski, Steve Davis, John O’Keeffe, Robert Shaw: Developing a machine learning model for Irish archaeology and a user-friendly tool for Automatic Detection of Archaeological Features (ADAF)

2:30 - 3:00

Agnes Schneider (TU Berlin - Germany/ Leiden University - The Netherlands): Taming complexity by using accountable knowledge-based ontologies for the analysis of archaeological remote sensing and near-surface geophysical data


Afternoon Coffee Break


Session 4

3:20 - 3:50

Mike Lyons (University of Bonn - Germany): The chasm between proof of concept and real-world application: CNNs for the automated classification of ceramic fabrics

3:50 - 4:20

Caroline Von Nicolai, Chrisowalandis Deligio, Markus Möller, Katja Rösler, Julia Tietz, Kerstin P. Hofmann, Karsten Tolle, David Wigg-Wolf (DAI/ Goethe-Universität Frankfurt - Germany) Celtic numismatics and artificial intelligence: The cooperative project ClaReNet

4:20 - 5:00

Round Table Discussion

5:00 - 5:10 PM


Closing Remarks