Affective loop in Socially Assistive Robotics as an Intervention Tool for Children with Autism
Start date: 01.09.2019
Duration: 36 Months
Funding body: EU, Erasmus Plus Strategic Partnership
Partners: Politechnika Gdanska, University of Hertfordshire, Istanbul Teknik Universitesi, Yeditepe University Vakif, Macedonian association for applied psychology & University of Augsburg
Description: The EMBOA project aims are the development of guidelines and practical evaluation of applying emotion recognition technologies in robot-supported intervention in children with autism.
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) suffer from multiple deficits and limited social and emotional skills are among those that influence their ability to involve in interaction and communication. Limited communication occurs in human-human interactions and affects relations with family members, peers and therapists.
There are promising results in the use of robots in supporting the social and emotional development of children with autism. We do not know why children with autism are eager to interact with human-like looking robots and not with humans. Regardless of the reason, social robots proved to be a way to get through the social obstacles of a child and make him/her involved in the interaction. Once the interaction happens, we have a unique opportunity to engage a child in gradually building and practicing social and emotional skills.
In the project, we combine social robots that are already used in therapy for children with autism with algorithms for automatic emotion recognition. The EMBOA project goal is to confirm the possibility of the application (feasibility study), and, in particular, we aim to identify the best practices and obstacles in using the combination of the technologies. What we hope to obtain is a novel approach for creating an affective loop in child-robot interaction that would enhance interventions regarding emotional intelligence building in children with autism.
The lessons learned, summarized in the form of guidelines, might be used in higher education in all involved countries in robotics, computer science, and special pedagogy fields of study. The results will be disseminated in the form of training, multiple events, and to the general public by scientific papers and published reports. The project consortium is multidisciplinary and combines partners with competence in interventions in autism, robotics, and automatic emotion recognition from Poland, UK, Germany, North Macedonia, and Turkey.
The methodological approach includes systematic literature reviews and meta-analysis, data analysis based on statistical and machine learning approaches, as well as observational studies. We have planned a double-loop of observational studies. The first round is to analyse the application of emotion recognition methods in robot-based interaction in autism, and to compare diverse channels for observation of emotion symptoms in particular.
The lessons learned will be formulated in the form of guidelines. The guidelines will be evaluated with the AGREE (Appraisal of Guidelines, Research, and Evaluation) instrument and confirmed with the second round of observational studies. The objectives of our project match the Social Inclusion horizontal priority with regards to supporting the actions for improvement of learning performance of disadvantaged learners (testing of a novel approach for improvement of learning performances of children with autism).
MAikI: Mobiler Alltagstherapieassistent mit interaktionsfokussierter künstlicher Intelligenz bei Depression
Runtime: 01.10.2021 – 31.12.2021
Partners: FlyingHealth Incubator GmbH, GET.ON Institut für Online Gesundheitstrainings GmbH, University of Augsburg
Dieses Vorhaben zielt auf einen mobilen digitalen Assistenten ab, der den Patienten interaktiv, intelligent und individualisiert darin unterstützt, seine Therapie im Alltag effektiver umzusetzen. Hierzu werden Methoden künstlicher Intelligenz (Interaktionsanalyse mit Stimmanalyse und Natural Language Processing, Artificial Empathy, Maschinelles Lernen) mit dem Ziel erforscht und entwickelt, die Patienten-Assistenten-Interaktion zu optimieren, therapeutische Interventionen fallspezifisch zu optimieren und deren Umsetzung interaktiv auf intelligente und zugleich personalisierte Art zu unterstützen. Dieser digitale mobile Therapiebegleiter geht über den derzeitigen Stand der Technik hinaus, da er a) eine dauerhafte behandlungsrelevante Kommunikation mit dem Betroffenen aufrechterhält (was bisher die face-to-face Psychotherapie nicht vermag) und b) seine Empfehlungen fortlaufend an aktuelles Erleben, Verhalten und bisherigem Therapieverlauf der Betroffenen anpasst. Auf Basis dieser digitalen Therapieindividualisierung soll der Gesundungsprozess beschleunigt und Rückfallquoten verringert werden.
Smart Environments for Person-centered Sustainable Work and Well-being
Start date: 01.01.2019
End date: 30.06.2022
Funding body: EU Horizon 2020 Research & Innovation Action (RIA)
sustAGE will provide a paradigm shift in human machine interaction, building upon seven strategic technology trends, IoT, Machine learning, micro-moments, temporal reasoning, recommender systems, data analytics and gamification to deliver a composite system integrated with the daily activities at work and outside, to support employers and ageing employees to jointly increase well-being, wellness at work and productivity. The manifold contribution focuses on the support of the employment and later retirement of older adults from work and the optimization of the workforce management.
The sustAGE platform guides workers on work-related tasks, recommends personalized cognitive and physical training activities with emphasis on game and social aspects, delivers warnings regarding occupational risks and cares for their proper positioning in work tasks that will maximize team performance.
By combining a broad range of the innovation chain activities namely, technology R&D, demonstration, prototyping, pilots, and extensive validation, the project aims to explore how health and safety at work, continuous training and proper workforce management can prolongue older workers’ competitiveness at work. The deployment of the proposed technologies in two critical industrial sectors and their extensive evaluation will lead to a ground-breaking contribution that will improve the performance and quality of life at work and beyond for many ageing adult workers.
Laufzeit: 14 Monaten
Drittmittelgeber: ZIM, Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)
Zielsetzung des Projektes „KIRun“ ist die Entwicklung intelligenter Algorithmen, die Messdaten aus Training (GPS), Biomechanik (Inertialsensorik), Physiologie (Atem-/Herzfrequenz), Umgebungsgeräuschen (Laufuntergrund), Tonalität und Qualität der Sprache und Atmung, und gezielter Spracherfassung während des Laufens aufnehmen, verarbeiten und auswerten.
Hierzu müssen grundlegend neuartige Funktionalitäten erarbeitet beziehungsweise aus anderen Anwendungsfeldern in den Laufsport transferiert werden. Im Rahmen des Projektes sollen bestehende Technologien aus dem IoT-, Sensorik- und dem Audio-Bereich in den sportwissenschaftlichen Bereich transferiert werden und das Know-how der beteiligten Partner durch eine integrierte KI-Plattform kombiniert werden.
Remote Assessment of Disease and Relapse – Central Nervous System
Start date: 01.04.2016
End date: 31.03.2022
Funding body: EU (Europäische Union)
RADAR-CNS is a major research programme that is developing new ways of monitoring major depressive disorder, epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis using wearable devices and smartphone technology. RADAR-CNS aims to improve patients’ quality of life, and potentially to change how these and other chronic disorders are treated.
Holistic Deep Modelling for User Recognition and Affective Social Behaviour Sensing
Start date: 01.10.2018
Duration: 30 Months
Project paused: 01.05.2020 to 30.04.2021
Funding body: EU Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie action Individual Fellowship
The “Holistic Deep Modelling for User Recognition and Affective Social Behaviour Sensing” (HOL-DEEP-SENSE) project aims at augmenting affective machines such as virtual assistants and social robots with human-like acumen based on holistic perception and understanding abilities.
Social competencies comprising context awareress, salience detection and affective sensitivity present a central aspect of human communication, and thus are indispensable for enabling natural and spontaneous human-machine interaction. Therefore, with the aim to advance affective computing and social signal processing, we envision a “Social Intelligent Multi-modal Ontological Net” (SIMON) that builds on technologies at the leading edge of deep learning for pattern recognition. In particular, our approach is driven by multi-modal information fusion using end-to-end deep neural networks trained on large datasets, allowing SIMON to exploit combined auditory, visual and physiological analysis.
In contrast to standard machine learning systems, SIMON makes use of task relatedness to adapt its topology within a novel construct of subdivided neural networks. Through deep affective feature transformation, SIMON is able to perform associative domain adaptation via transfer and multi-task learning, and thus can infer user characteristics and social cues in a holistic context.
This new unified sensing architecture will enable affective computers to assimilate ontological human phenomena, leading to a step change in machine perception. This will offer a wide range of applications for health and wellbeing in future IoT-inspired environments, connected to dedicated sensors and consumer electronics.
By verifying the gains through holistic sensing, the project will show the true potential of the much sought-after emotionally and socially intelligent AI, and herald a new generation of machines with hitherto unseen skills to interact with humans via universal communication channels.
Start date: 01.05.2018
End date: 31.05.2021
Funding body: BMW AG
The project aims at real-time internet-scale sentiment analysis in unstructured multimodal data in the wild.
Training network on Automatic Processing of PAthological Speech
Start date: 01.11.2017
End date: 31.10.2021
Funding body: EU (Europäische Union)
There are an increasing number of people across Europe with debilitating speech pathologies (e.g., due to stroke, Parkinson’s, etc). These groups face communication problems that can lead to social exclusion. They are now being further marginalised by a new wave of speech technology that is increasingly woven into everyday life but which is not robust to atypical speech. TAPAS is proposing a programme of pathological speech research, that aims to transform the well-being of these people.
The TAPAS work programme targets three key research problems:
(a) Detection: We will develop speech processing techniques for early detection of conditions that impact on speech production. The outcomes will be cheap and non-invasive diagnostic tools that provide early warning of the onset of progressive conditions such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
(b) Therapy: We will use newly-emerging speech processing techniques to produce automated speech therapy tools. These tools will make therapy more accessible and more individually targeted. Better therapy can increase the chances of recovering intelligible speech after traumatic events such a stroke or oral surgery.
(c) Assisted Living: We will re-design current speech technology so that it works well for people with speech impairments and also helps in making informed clinical choices. People with speech impairments often have other co-occurring conditions making them reliant on carers. Speech-driven tools for assisted-living are a way to allow such people to live more independently.
TAPAS adopts an inter-disciplinary and multi-sectorial approach. The consortium includes clinical practitioners, academic researchers and industrial partners, with expertise spanning speech engineering, linguistics and clinical science. All members have expertise in some element of pathological speech. This rich network will train a new generation of 15 researchers, equipping them with the skills and resources necessary for lasting success.
An Embedded Soundscape System for Personalised Wellness via Multimodal Bio-Signal and Speech Monitoring
Start date: 01.01.2018
End date: 31.12.2020
Funding body: The Bavarian State Ministry of Education, Science and the Arts in the framework of the Centre Digitisation.Bavaria (ZD.B)
The soundscape (the audible components of a given environment), is an omnipresence in daily-life. Yet research has shown, that elements of our acoustic soundscapes can negatively affect mental wellbeing.
Taking a dual analysis-synthesis approach this project, through multimodal feedback analysis, will explore the benefits of synthesised soundscape design and develop a ‘deep-listening’ personalised embedded system to improve human wellness. The project will explore questions pertaining to audible perception and develop novel methods for soundscape generation, informed by intelligent signal state monitoring.
Start date: 01.02.2016
End date: 30.11.2019
Funding body: Horizon 2020, EU
DE-ENIGMA is developing artificial intelligence for a commercial robot (Robokind’s Zeno). The robot will be used for an emotion-recognition and emotion-expression teaching programme to school-aged autistic children. This approach combines the most common interests of children of school age: technology, cartoon characters (that Zeno resembles) and socializing with peers.
During the project, Zeno will go through several design phases, getting ‘smarter’ every time. It will be able to process children’s motions, vocalizations, and facial expressions in order to adaptively and autonomously present emotion activities, and engage in feedback, support, and play.
Assistenzsystem zur Erkennung des emotionalen Zustandes von Werkstattmitarbeiterinnen und -mitarbeitern
Start date: 01.06.2015
End date: 30.09.2019
Funding body: EU
Engaging children with ASC (Autism Spectrum Conditions) in communication centred activities during educational therapy is one of the cardinal challenges by ASC and contributes to its poor outcome. To this end, therapists recently started using humanoid robots (e.g., NAO) as assistive tools. However, this technology lacks the ability to autonomously engage with children, which is the key for improving the therapy and, thus, learning opportunities. Existing approaches typically use machine learning algorithms to estimate the engagement of children with ASC from their head-pose or eye-gaze inferred from face-videos. These approaches are rather limited for modeling atypical behavioral displays of engagement of children with ASC, which can vary considerably across the children.
The first objective of EngageME is to bring novel machine learning models that can for the first time effectively leverage multi-modal behavioural cues, including facial expressions, head pose, vocal and physiological cues, to realize fully automated context-sensitive estimation of engagement levels of children with ASC. These models build upon dynamic graph models for multi-modal ordinal data, based on state-of-the-art machine learning approaches to sequence classification and domain adaptation, which can adapt to each child, while still being able to generalize across children and cultures. To realize this, the second objective of EngageME is to provide the candidate with the cutting-edge training aimed at expanding his current expertise in visual processing with expertise in wearable/physiological, and audio technologies, from leading experts in these fields.
EngageME is expected to bring novel technology/models for endowing assistive robots with ability to accurately ‘sense’ engagement levels of children with ASC during robot-assisted therapy, while providing the candidate with a set of skills needed to become one of the frontiers in the emerging field of affect-sensitive assistive technology.
Intelligent systems’ Holistic Evolving Analysis of Real-life Universal speaker characteristics
Start date: 01.01.2014
End date: 31.12.2018
Funding body: EU
Recently, automatic speech and speaker recognition has matured to the degree that it entered the daily lives of thousands of Europe’s citizens, e.g., on their smart phones or in call services. During the next years, speech processing technology will move to a new level of social awareness to make interaction more intuitive, speech retrieval more efficient, and lend additional competence to computer-mediated communication and speech-analysis services in the commercial, health, security, and further sectors. To reach this goal, rich speaker traits and states such as age, height, personality and physical and mental state as carried by the tone of the voice and the spoken words must be reliably identified by machines.
In the iHEARu project, ground-breaking methodology including novel techniques for multi-task and semi-supervised learning will deliver for the first time intelligent holistic and evolving analysis in real-life condition of universal speaker characteristics which have been considered only in isolation so far. Today’s sparseness of annotated realistic speech data will be overcome by large-scale speech and meta-data mining from public sources such as social media, crowd-sourcing for labelling and quality control, and shared semi-automatic annotation.
All stages from pre-processing and feature extraction, to the statistical modelling will evolve in “life-long learning” according to new data, by utilising feedback, deep, and evolutionary learning methods. Human-in-the-loop system validation and novel perception studies will analyse the self-organising systems and the relation of automatic signal processing to human interpretation in a previously unseen variety of speaker classification tasks.
The project’s work plan gives the unique opportunity to transfer current world-leading expertise in this field into a new de-facto standard of speaker characterisation methods and open-source tools ready for tomorrow’s challenge of socially aware speech analysis.
Assistenzsystem zur Erkennung des emotionalen Zustandes von von Werkstattmitarbeiterinnen und -mitarbeitern
Start date: 01.06.2015
End date: 31.05.2018
Funded by: EU
Project Homepage: www.emotass.de
Im Projekt soll ein emotionssensitives, sprachgesteuertes Assistenzsystem entwickelt werden, das den emotionalen Zustand von Werkstattmitarbeiterinnen und -mitarbeitern zuverlässig aus der Interaktion mit dem Sprachassistenten erkennt. Zusätzlich zu den dafür erforderlichen Arbeiten zur Sprach- und Emotionserkennung wird ein psychologisch fundiertes Nutzerprofil erstellt, welches individuelle Eigenschaften abbildet. Damit zusammenhängende Anforderungen an das Persönlichkeitsrecht und den Datenschutz werden vom Konsortium berücksichtigt. Dieses halbautomatische System soll den individuellen Unterstützungsbedarf zuverlässig ableiten. Auf diese Weise wird eine optimale Anpassung der Arbeitsabläufe, z. B. durch Erläuterung und Anpassung einzelner Arbeitsschritte oder Motivation zur Pause, möglich.
Automatic Sentiment Estimation in the Wild
Start date: 01.02.2015
End date: 31.07.2018
Funded by: EU
Project Homepage: www.sewaproject.eu
The main aim of SEWA is to deploy and capitalise on existing state-of-the-art methodologies, models and algorithms for machine analysis of facial, vocal and verbal behaviour, and then adjust and combine them to realise naturalistic human-centric human-computer interaction (HCI) and computer-mediated face-to-face interaction (FF-HCI). This will involve development of computer vision, speech processing and machine learning tools for automated understanding of human interactive behaviour in naturalistic contexts. The envisioned technology will be based on findings in cognitive sciences and it will represent a set of audio and visual spatiotemporal methods for automatic analysis of human spontaneous (as opposed to posed and exaggerated) patterns of behavioural cues including continuous and discrete analysis of sentiment, liking and empathy.